Anyone can copy an idea. Great companies invent them.

Not so long ago, if you came up with a Big Idea – a product, a service…a book or movie, whatever – you also developed some creative marketing to go with it.  That way, when you put your Big Idea out into the world, the marketing would (hopefully) entice people into buying it.  With persistence and a little luck, your Big Idea might just set the world on fire. 

Well, Grandpa, now we have analytics and preference-based marketing.  With analytics, marketers can find out what people already want.  No guesswork.  No inventive ad campaigns required.  No waiting for results.  Actually, you don’t even need a Big Idea.  With analytics, it’s all about selling more of what already has worked in the past.

Creativity?  We don’t need no stinkin’ creativity.


“Same as it ever was…” (David Byrne, Once In A Lifetime)

Analytics has essentially changed marketing from a creative process to a data-driven process.  If you’re unfamiliar with how analytics works, here’s the short story:  vast pools of consumer data are compiled and analyzed to discover purchasing patterns.  Some patterns are actual – the stuff you’ve downloaded from iTunes over the past year, your age, sex and income, whether you’ve contributed to a political campaign.  Other patterns are predictive…for instance, what certain marketers think you might want to download from iTunes next week.  These patterns form profiles which tell marketers all about you and the particular group of “people like you.” 

Marketers use profiles to tailor their advertising to what’s potentially most effective on “people like you.”  There’s nothing wrong with that – good intel has always been a cornerstone of successful marketing.  But more often than not, strategy and creativity are compromised and exchanged for the singular goal of duplicating repetition.

If “duplicating repetition” sounds redundant, it is.  The same messages are repeated, over and over, in order to duplicate the same transactions, again and again.  The primary objective of analytics, then, is not simply to predict your next purchase, but to influence it.  Not only that, it’s manipulation (word carefully chosen) orchestrated in real time – as you walk through a store, drive past a billboard, watch TV or update your Facebook page – all before you have time to pause and consider.

You say you like the Twilight movies?  Great!  Here’s more stuff other Twihards, Twilighters and Fanpires just like you have bought.  It’s brilliant.  Almost like Minority Report, except with less violence.  And happily, no Tom Cruise.

Easy money?

Whether it’s analytics, customer surveys – or my personal pet peeve, focus groups – there’s always plenty of data to support what’s worked before, and little to justify taking a risk.

Analytics proves that boosting repeat sales or pulling transactions from a less-than-saturated market can be a low-risk, high-reward approach.  This is how my cat Mingus operates: why go to all the trouble of hunting for a fresh tasty mouse in the back yard when there’s a perfectly good hamburger left unattended on the dinner table?

By comparison, old-fashioned marketing is a dicey proposition.  Creative ideas actually have to be good.  They have to excite and convince people.  And their success is based on what people might do next week or next month.  With analytics, the real-time numbers never lie.  And should the results ever be off, it’s those fickle consumers’ fault, not the data’s.  

If you’re betting the farm on next quarter’s sales, the attractiveness of analytics is understandable.  There’s big money to be made identifying, manipulating and exploiting purchasing patterns.  (Table.  Hamburger.  Yum.)

A guy named Steve Jobs, ‘tho, preferred to have a Big Idea or two in the can:

 “It’s really hard to design products by focus groups.  A lot of times, people don’t know what they want until you show it to them.  That doesn’t mean we don’t listen to customers, but it’s hard for them to tell you what they want when they’ve never seen anything remotely like it.”  – Steve Jobs

I had no idea what an iPod was before I saw one.  Or an iPhone, or an iPad.  No one did.  But as soon as I saw one, I had to have it.

Think hard about this.  One minute, you have no clue what the product is or why you need it.  The next, you can’t live without it.

This is how Big ideas work.  They hit the scene – without prediction – and the world changes.

The Tyranny of Expectations

As a tactical intel-gathering tool, analytics can be very useful.  Do our clients use analytics?  You bet.  But no tactic, no matter how impressive, is a substitute for a creative strategy.

Tactical methodologies like analytics reinforce what we call the Tyranny of Expectations – the belief that history will repeat itself, exactly and precisely.

When overconfidence in expectations shifts our focus to probabilities at the exclusion of possibilities, there is no room for new ideas…no chance for surprises, no time for contemplating “What if?”

The Tyranny of Expectations explains why we have a Kodak “shocked” that people no longer needed photographic film.  A Postal Service that “underestimated” email.  A Radio Shack that realized a decades late that it needed to “reinvent” itself.  (Where else can you still buy a pager?)

Every 18 months or so, the power of technology doubles and its size halves.  Play this out 20 years forward and you have computing power at the cellular level.  What will that do to customer buying habits?  How will we respond to products and industries that are years from being invented?  What value will today’s view of the consumer have?  My first-generation iPod is in the bottom of a closet with my CD burner, so I’m betting “not much.”

Analytics cannot predict a market’s perpetually accelerating evolution.  It cannot forecast consumer response to a new, exciting Big Idea.

Which brings us back to Twilight.  Stephanie Meyer hit the motherlode with her girl-loves-blood-sucker novels.  Much like Harry Potter creator JK Rowling, she never published a piece of fiction before she wrote Twilight in 2003.  Love it or hate it (I’m in the latter group), Twilight was a monster Big idea – a new and untested commodity from an unknown creator.  And it’s made about $3.5 billion to date.  Not bad.

More telling is that the movie industry – a pioneer in aggressive market optimization, predictive modeling, grassroots social media campaigns and, yes, market analytics – is no better off for its advanced tactics.  Post Bella and Edward, Hollywood threw a host of Twilightized features to a ready-made fan base, including Beautiful Creatures, Mortal Instruments, I Am Number Four and Red Riding Hood.  Each should have raked in the cash, or so the analytics clearly predicted.  All failed miserably.

Another Big Idea filled our need for something new:  The Hunger Games.


Interdependence: You wouldn’t be without it

Independence is an illusion.

There, I said it. Now I’ll convince you that understanding this basic truth can set the individuals in your organization free.

If you’ve ever been to a live jazz performance then you know how mesmerizing it is to watch three or more musicians communicate wordlessly, and often at a dizzying pace. The piano’s harmonic foundation achieves its fullness within the context of a rhythmic structure and the lines played by instruments focused on the melody. Similar dynamics are layered through the many interrelationships on the bandstand, and the music would die without them.

Yes, it would die.

Because, the truth of it is, interdependence is a critical aspect of great jazz, as it is a critical aspect of great business and any great organization.

First, it’s helpful if we understand there is no conflict between individuality and interdependence. Individuality and subjectivity are essential aspects of creative expression. Where we tip into a false perception –which leads us into a paradox- is when we celebrate individual-ism at the expense of accurate perceptions of everyday reality: that we live in a world suffused with relationships of interdependence.

Please avoid associating interdependence with unhealthy modes of dependency. Any vital aspect of life can become a detriment. Dependency is the unhealthy extreme that sits opposite isolation on the spectrum of interrelating. In the healthy middle-ground we can find interdependence and individuality, the complementary states of real life in balance.

The paradox of individualism is that it is the worst possible ethos for a culture intent on supporting individual expression. Individualism moves us into an unhealthy extreme, as “isms” often do.

When we are focused exclusively on high-visibility individual effort we lose sight of the vast network of support we require to achieve as individuals. Along with that hyper-focus, we unintentionally discourage those whose contributions may not be so highly visible and there by lose their enthusiastic participation. Individualism becomes paradoxical in the vast number of individuals who are left underserved by its modern practice.

In fact, vastly more individual efforts are fully realized when we actively acknowledge that every achievement of creative expression relies upon many interdependencies. Some are obvious aspects of collaboration, while others are less conspicuous -the support and ancillary positions we think of as “secondary” or “subordinate”. It is precisely these roles that allow the high-visibility achievements to happen, and it is imperative that you seek out and acknowledge them.

By celebrating interdependence we convert a sclerotic and steadily pervading apathy into a methodology of enhanced creativity that promotes excitement in the performer(s), and the audience, the employees and the customers. Excited employees produce better work. Excited customers buy more goods and services produced by excited employees. Yes, you are in an interdependent relationship with your customers, too.

Recognizing the reality of interdependence may also be fatal to the oft repeated, yet ever false narrative of the “self-made” man. There is no such thing. We are dependent upon the contributions of thousands of others, first to be born, and then to flourish into adulthood. We contribute, similarly, in the accomplishments of thousands of others. We call these “relationships of reciprocal influence”, and that influence is enabled by the reality of interdependence.

The executive wing of the Fortune 200 Company-X may be where the corporate rock stars sit, but they couldn’t exist without engineering, sales, customer support, administrative, and many other less visible roles being executed effectively.

Interdependence properly understood enhances any individual accomplishment and it is more accurate in describing how the accomplishment came to be. It also has the effect of encouraging more members of any group to achieve their own creative potential, hence the exponentially better results. When leveraging the creative power of each member of any group, regardless of role, we ensure influence and impact in the greater community, be it a marketplace, a workplace, or nightclub.

To get a clearer picture of how interdependence works in your organization, simply create maps of your work-streams. Start with the most obvious components, the most immediately identifiable tasks, and use that exercise to move into the lesser celebrated aspects to fully account for the things you are likely taking for granted, e.g. physical support services, administrative contributions, to name but a few. Move beyond the celebration of individual achievement as if it happened in a vacuum or a single conference room. You will see how each aspect enables the others, supports them and deserves to be acknowledged.

How far you take this process is up to you. Expand your acknowledgement and appreciation to the integrated network of people who truly deserve it. Celebrate how much we depend on others to fully realize our own individuality. Make it a part of your organization’s culture and the cumulative benefits will transform your organization.

I am privileged to sit with Bill Bruford for our 207 Interview in 2011

Right before our first seminar presentation of Creativity & All That Jazz back in November, 2011, I joined Bill Bruford, renown drummer and our guest speaker that evening, for an interview on the Maine television program 207.  Check it out!

Bill Bruford & John Rogers


I’ve been listening to Bill’s music since I was in my teens (Yes, King Crimson, Genesis), and as a young musician found him to be one of the most innovative players in rock.  His later work in Jazz (Earthworks, BLUE, et al.) also captured my attention.  It was quite surreal  to meet him and then five minutes later find myself being interviewed with him!  We then enjoyed a lovely sup with my colleague Frank Laurino and his wife Denise, during which the conversation was easy and interesting. We then moved on to the successful first run of our seminar.  During the seminar, Bill was to speak mid-way through, but instead he asked that we three sit and engage the audience in a conversation, to ask him questions and open it up in all directions. It was just the right thing. Would that we could have spent more time in that conversation, and I’ve ever since thought it ended too soon. Thanks go to Frank for setting the whole thing up, and quite brilliantly, with Bill. What a great night!